In its sixth year of assessing children’s basic literacy and numeracy skills, Uwezo continues to find that children are not learning as they should be. On average, 30 out of 100 Class 3 pupils can do Class 2 work, while 8 out of 100 pupils in Class 8 cannot.
In addition, the Uwezo data highlight some critical issues in terms of teacher distribution. Teachers are critical to learning and the recent findings confirm that lower pupil-teacher ratios have a strong effect on learning.
The teacher/classroom (stream) ratio is low. On average, there were 12 teachers for every school with 10 classrooms (streams).
This ratio declines when only Teachers Service Commission (TSC) teachers are accounted for to 11 TSC teachers for every school with 10 classrooms (streams).
Counties with the best teacher (TSC teachers) to classroom (stream) ratio (12 teachers for 10 classrooms/streams) were Kirinyaga, Kiambu, Embu, Nakuru, Nairobi, Kisii and Baringo.
Counties with the worst teacher (TSC teachers) to classroom (stream) ratio (6 teachers for 10 classrooms/streams) were Mandera and Garissa.
On average, 12 out of 100 teachers were absent from school on the day of the visit. This is worse than was reported in 2014 where there were 9 out of 100 teachers absent on the day of visit.
The Uwezo data also highlight challenges in regards to the implementation of policies around early childhood education (pre-primary).
Only 4 out of 10 pre-primary teachers are trained.
3 out of 10 children are in primary school at the wrong age; 13% are aged 2-3 years while 21% are aged 6 or over.
Half of pre-primary teachers (46%) are hired by county governments despite the lack of a clear policy on who is responsible for hiring these teachers.
These findings, released today by Uwezo at Twaweza, are from the sixth national learning assessment conducted between October and November 2015. Uwezo partners tested over 130,000 children, aged 6 to 16, from all 47 counties in the country. Data were collected from more than 4,500 schools and 69,000 households. The report, Are Our Children Learning?, examines three interconnected challenges in education: learning outcomes and what drives them, teachers and access to pre-primary, and primary education.
Organizations: Twaweza East Africa
Type: Key document
- Annual Learning Assessment | Report | 3.65 MB
- Teachers are unevenly distributed in favor of urban and agriculturally rich areas. Uwezo at Twaweza finds that 8% of Class 8 children cannot do Class 2 work | Press Release | 140.25 KB
- Annual Learning Assessment | Summary | 3.26 MB
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