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Citizen monitoring of public primary schools in Dar es salaam

Since introduction of the Primary Education Development Programme in 2002, the government has budgeted money each year for capitation and capital development grant to help run schools. In the course of this time, total funding allocated for primary education has increased tremendously in nominal terms: from TZS. 33,000 per capita in year 2000 to TZS. 154,000 per capita in 2010. 

Despite growth in funding, concerns over poor quality education have persisted. There are numerous media reports of schools, especially in rural areas, lacking desks and text books, having overcrowded classrooms or classes that have to be run under trees for lack of classrooms etc.

This presentation, highlighting problems facing public primary Schools in Dar es salaam, is an output of a Citizen Monitoring exercise supported by Uwazi between August and December 2010. It covered a sample of 40 schools in Dar es salaam's three districts (Ilala, Temeke and Kinondoni).

In Surveying the schools, the author wished to find out whether schools in Dar es salaam are generally more privileged and do better than schools in rural areas, that  have often caught media attention, in terms of availability and quality of amenities and flow of resources from the government.

It finds that many schools in Dar es salaam face challenges that are quite similar to those facing schools in rural areas. For example:

  • In 45% of the schools pupils were found sitting on the floor for lack of desks.
  • Schools face text books shortage: about 6 pupils in upper primary classes and 5 in lower primary classes have to share one text book.
  • Schools have overcrowded classrooms, poor sanitation facilities and lack of playgrounds and/or equipment.

Read more: citizen monitor education

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